At the southern edge of the Gobi Desert in NW China the Dunhuang caves contain delicate, brightly hued wall paintings and carvings. They depict religious and social life from the 4th to the 14th centuries, through the height of Buddhist culture in China.
The early Buddhist monks developed a sizeable Buddhist community in Dunhuang and carved out caves for meditation. These developed into a place of worship and pilgrimage, and became known as the “Caves of a Thousand Buddhas.”
Now, Dunhuang has a new railway station and celebrates its place on the Silk Road through dance.